what were the bad qualities of the spanish conquistadors

However, after the 17th century, states invested in better disciplined and politically reliable permanent troops. The origin of many people in mixed expeditions was not always distinguished. Where they reckless adventurers or simply paid mercenaries of the Spanish crown? Castilian law banned foreigners and non-Catholics from the New World. They also had good survivor skills and were quick thinking. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? To enter the Catholic clergy was a way out of poverty and also was a way to obtain prestige and power among the nobility. Native allied troops were largely infantry equipped with armament and armor that varied geographically. Does pumpkin pie need to be refrigerated? In 1536, Dominican friar Bartolomé de las Casas went to Oaxaca to participate in a series of discussions and debates among the Bishops of the Dominican and Franciscan orders. The defeat was likely. Gasca convinced Pedro de Valdivia, explorer of Chile, Alonso de Alvarado another searcher for El Dorado, and others that if he were unsuccessful, a royal fleet of 40 ships and 15,000 men was preparing to sail from Seville in June. Pedro de Ursúa was killed by his subordinate Lope de Aguirre who crowned himself king while looking for El Dorado. 3.5 4 votes 4 votes Rate! Why were Spanish Conquistadors so brutal towards indigenous? The defeat was likely. A common religous belief can be seen as a huge benefit when one compares areas in the world where it doesn't exist. The spanish did bad things in america, totally. Lope de Aguirre was an emperor in the Amazon. Castilian law banned Spanish women from travelling to America unless they were married and accompanied by a husband. When the Spanish arrived in the Americas they were vastly outnumbered by the natives. Spanish - even with it's many dialects- is the unifier. The Population of the New World was Decimated . They accomplished these great feats by many means. Most of them were 20 something middle class kids. They were second cousins born in Extremadura, as were many of the Spanish conquerors. Catholic priests instructed the soldiers in mathematics, writing, theology, Latin, Greek, and history, and wrote letters and official document for them. I'm reading Bartolomé de las Casas chronicle on the conquest of the Nueva España and it makes me sick. A New World empire spread from Spain’s Caribbean foothold. Over time, around 80 percent of the people living in the Valley of Mexico died from these diseases. Bit of both really. The Spanish military never rose past 2% of the native population during this time, yet they were able to conquer the largest empires of that time. The conquest of Mexico was carried out by Hernan Cortes, who landed at Veracruz in 1519; Peru was conquered by Francisco Pizarro and Diego del Almagro, which began in 1531. In 1544, Lope de Aguirre and Melchor Verdugo were at the side of Peru's first viceroy Blasco Núñez Vela, who had arrived from Spain with orders to implement the New Laws and suppress the Encomiendas. Today it is the capital of Mexico and one of the largest cities in the world. The Aztecs were severely weakened by diseases that the Spanish brought such as smallpox, influenza, and malaria. Franciscans believed that living a spiritual life of poverty and holiness was the best way to be an example that inspired others to convert. Negative Effect: Destruction of the Empire. After Mexico fell, Hernán Cortés's enemies, Bishop Fonseca, Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, Diego Columbus and Francisco Garay were mentioned in the Cortés' fourth letter to the King in which he describes himself as the victim of a conspiracy. Conquistador, any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, especially of Mexico and Peru, in the 16th century. Such groups consisted of young men without military experience, Catholic clergy, and soldiers or mercenaries with military training. ... Cesar Chavez was a good man and had no bad qualities, but he did persist his way. All Rights Reserved. The diseases were carried to distant tribes and villages. Rate! Conquistadors were knights and soldiers from Spain who helped conquer much of South and Central America for the Spanish crown in the 16th century. 1917). Write a paragraph in which you express what you think were the qualities, both good and bad, of the Spanish conquistadors. In the eyes of the Spanish, they were good because they brought them gold and converted people to their religion. Essentially, most of them were the remnants of the veritable standing army of 16th centurySpain – men wh… They were obsessed with matters of honor and reputation. Some conquistadores married native American women or had illegitimate children. Although the vast majority of the conquistadors came from Spain, … Cortés founded Mexico City on the ruins of Tenochtitlan. Inter state form of sales tax income tax? Read more about this topic:  Conquistador, “The methodological advice to interpret in a way that optimizes agreement should not be conceived as resting on a charitable assumption about human intelligence that might turn out to be false. The conquistadors were all volunteers, the majority of whom did not receive a fixed salary but instead a portion of the spoils of victory, in the form of precious metals, land grants and provision of native labour. Montezuma II, ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes. Spanish Conquistadors would come to the Americas and brutally murder men women and children in the name of a god. Spanish rule put and end to those cruel traditions. Even in victory, some hundreds of conquistadores may were disputing the booty being killed, executed, fled or imprisoned due to internal clashes. Most Iberians of that time could not read or write. They were volunteers who sought to make it big, they invested their own money, time and exposed their corporeal being to wounds and possibly death. The arrival of Pedro de Alvarado from Mexico in search of Inca gold further complicated the situation for Almagro and Belalcázar. Catholic religious orders that participated and supported the exploration, evangelizing and pacifying, were mostly Dominicans, Carmelites, Franciscans and Jesuits, for example Francis Xavier, Bartolomé de Las Casas, Eusebio Kino or Gaspar da Cruz. Thanks Comments; Many of the Spanish were already experienced soldiers who had previously campaigned in Europe. Expeditions, such as Pizarro's Inca campaign or the countless searches for the city of El Dorado, were expensive and privately financed (although the King still expected his 20 percent cut of any valuables discovered).Sometimes the conquistadors themselves chipped in funds for an expedition in the hopes that it would discover great wealth. The Great Lady. The conquistadors were professional warriors, using European tactics, firearms, combat dogs, and cavalry. What are the good and bad qualities of the Spanish conquistadors? Gonzalo Pizarro, another brother of Francisco Pizarro, rose in revolt, killed viceroy Blasco Núñez Vela and most of his Spanish army in the battle in 1546, and Gonzalo attempted to have himself crowned king. This method was championed by prominent Franciscans such as Toribio de Benavente. Even in victory, some hundreds of conquistadores may were disputing the booty being killed, executed, fled or imprisoned due to internal clashes. Gold and silver poured in from its colonies and Spain was the most powerful state in Europe. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Be the first to answer! Possible answer: The good qualities of the conquistadors were that they were courageous and took tremendous risks in their exploration— both in their personal safety and in their personal wealth. During the 1650s, most troops were mercenaries. Francisco Pizarro had children with more than 40 women. What is the birthday of carmelita divinagracia? Almagro was executed on 1538, under Hernándo Pizarro's orders. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Spanish Conquistadors: Military Tactics. Conquistador Expeditions . Hernán Cortés (1485–December 2, 1547) was a Spanish conquistador responsible for the audacious, brutal conquest of the Aztec Empire in Central Mexico in 1519. King's army officers taught military arts. Even nationals of enemy countries were accepted. The Spanish conquistadors took away the Indians right to their way of life and their land. An uneducated young recruit could become a military leader, elected by their fellow professional soldiers, perhaps based on merit. Indeed, as Karl Marx and Adam Smith claimed, perhaps it … Spanish soldiers had a reputation for rowdiness, and duels were not uncommon. In the heat of battle, a wearied Aztec fighter looked up to see a vision of the Virgin … Well, the answer is far more simple – they were soldiers, more specifically disfranchised, professional soldiers. For a time mercenaries were important as trainers. The Conquistadors conquered the Incas. The Spanish conquest and settlement in the New World quickly led to large-scale subjugation of indigenous peoples, mainly of the Native Caribbean people, by Columbus on his four voyages. These expeditions often involved African slaves and Native American men or women who often had more training than the troops. 1 See answer Answer 3.5 /5 0. emilydiane19991 +3 punineep and 3 others learned from this answer The Spanish conquistadors were very resourceful and determined. The two orders had very different approaches to the conversion of the Indians. To be a Spanish Conquistador wasn’t at all easy, it involved a dangerous boat journey to a land never seen before. Their units (Compañia, Companhia) would often specialize in forms of combat that required long periods of training that was too costly for informal groups. Where can i find the fuse relay layout for a 1990 vw vanagon or any vw vanagon for the matter? The division of the booty produced bloody conflicts, such as the one between Pizarro and Almagro. The conquest of much of the New World by Spanish conquistadors during those few years was surely one of history's turning points. The Spanish Conquistadors came armed with cannons, crossbows, lances, fine Toledo swords and firearms, none of which had ever been seen by Native warriors before. Who is the actress in the saint agur advert? Not All of Them Were Spanish. The Emperor commissioned bishop Pedro de la Gasca to restore the peace, naming him president of the Audiencia and providing him with unlimited authority to punish and pardon the rebels. Epidemic diseaseis commonly cited as … Belalcázar in 1546 ordered the execution of Jorge Robledo, who governed a neighboring province in yet another land-related vendetta. The Native cultures of the New World were warlike and tended to fight first and ask questions later, so there was much conflict and many Natives were killed in battle. However, not all Conquistadors were Castilian or Christian. This typical path of disease transmission moved much faster than the conquistadors, so that as they advanced, resistance weakened. Frequently, Catholic clergy played administrative positions of political responsibility. Nikolaus Federmann, hispanicized as Nicolás de Federmán, was born c. 1505 in Ulm and died February 1542 in Valladolid. Regardless of their enviable feats and egregious plundering, the question can naturally be raised – who were these Spanish Conquistadors? But the Spanish Conquistadors were … While technological superiority, cultural factors and local allies played an important role in the victories of the conquistadors in the Americas, their conquest was greatly facilitated by old world diseases: smallpox, chicken pox, diphtheria, typhus, influenza, measles, malaria and yellow fever. The conquistadores took many different roles, including religious leader, harem keeper, King or Emperor, deserter and Native American warrior. Write a paragraph in which you express what you think were the qualities, both good and bad, of the Spanish conquistadors. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Montezuma became Cortes’s prisoner in Tenochtitlan. They were obsessed with matters of honor and reputation. Motives were plain: said one soldier, “we came here to serve God and the king, and also to get rich.” The middle east (Isreal vs Syria), Eastern Europe (Serbia -for one), and Asia (Pakistan vs India) are just a few examples. As news of the Spanish conquest spread, wealth-hungry Spaniards poured into the New World seeking land and gold and titles. The chroniclers Pedro Cieza de León, Diego Durán and Fray Pedro Simón wrote about the Americas. Spanish soldiers had a reputation for rowdiness, and duels were not uncommon. In Lima in 1541 supporters of Diego Almagro II assassinated Francisco Pizarro. that is the main difference, the conquistadors were Spanish conquerors. They served as interpreters, informants, servants, teachers, physicians, scribes, etc. On his 1528-1530 trip to Spain, Pizarro got royal permission to … He Relied Greatly on His Brothers. How long will the footprints on the moon last? Conquest and evangelization were inseparable in Spanish America. Gonzalo Guerrero was a Mayan war leader for Nachan can, Lord of Chactemal. I was especially impressed by his witnessing of a Spanish soldier who, not finding anything for his hound to eat, took a toddler away from his mother, cut his arms off and fed the dog with them. Ioánnis Fokás was known by Juan de Fuca. They could not see how a group of people could follow such a god. Incas were an ancient civilisation. When did Elizabeth Berkley get a gap between her front teeth? Gerónimo de Aguilar, who had taken holy orders in his native Spain was captured by Mayan lords too, and later was a soldier with Hernán Cortés. Various occupations, such as sailors, fishermen and pirates employed different languages (even from unrelated language groups), so that crew and settlers of Iberian empires recorded as Galicians from Spain were actually using Portuguese, Arabic, Basque, Berber, Breton, Catalan, Dutch, French, Greek, Italian and Languedoc languages, which were wrongly identified. The Spanish colonization of the Americas began under the Crown of Castile and spearheaded by the Spanish conquistadors.The Americas were invaded and incorporated into the Spanish Empire, with the exception of Brazil, British America, and some small regions in South America and the Caribbean.The crown created civil and religious structures to administer this vast territory. What were good and bad qualities of conquistadors? Central America - Central America - The Spanish conquest: Rodrigo de Bastidas was first to establish Spain’s claim to the isthmus, sailing along the Darién coast in March 1501, but he made no settlement. With a force of 600 Spanish soldiers, he was able to conquer a vast empire with tens of thousands of warriors. The Spanish conquistadors raped the American natives of their naiveness. This description is based primarily on written documents from the 16th century but also includes some archaeological data. Those natives were said to be savage cannibals. Belalcázar was tried in absentia, convicted and condemned for killing Robledo and other offenses pertaining to his involvement in the wars between armies of conquistadors. A dangerous land full of natives wanting to capture and kill Europeans. EXPOSITORY WRITING The conquistadors are often described as possessing both good and bad qualities. Their armies were mostly soldiers of Iberian or European origin. If we cannot find a way to interpret the utterances and other behaviour of a creature as revealing a set of beliefs largely consistent and true by our standards, we have no reason to count that creature as rational, as having beliefs, or as saying anything.”—Donald Davidson (b. The Aztecs were a primitive people who practiced rituals that were inhumane. Caramuru was a Portuguese settler in the Tupinambá Indians. After Peru fell to Spain, Francisco Pizarro dispatched to el adelantado Diego de Almagro before they became enemies, to the Inca Empire's northern city of Quito to claim it. What are the good and bad qualities of the Spanish conquistadors. European young men enlisted in the army because it was one way out of poverty. 1 2 3. Initially, forced labor represented a means by which the conquistadores mobilized native labor, with disastrous effects on the population . He did it through a combination of ruthlessness, guile, violence, and luck. In the 1500s Spain was at the height of its glory. Pre-Columbian civilizations - Pre-Columbian civilizations - Aztec culture to the time of the Spanish conquest: At the time of the Spanish conquest the dominant people of Meso-America were the Aztec. The Spanish conquistadors were mainly explorers and soldiers. After three months of fighting, Cortes defeated the capital city of the Aztec Empire, Tenochtitlan. The Spanish claimed Montezuma died at the hands of his own people; the Aztecs believed that the Spanish … Gasca repealed the New Laws, the issue around which the rebellion had been organized. The Franciscans used a method of mass conversion, sometimes baptizing many thousands of Indians in a day. The Venetian Sebastiano Caboto was Sebastián Caboto, Georg von Speyer hispanized as Jorge de la Espira, Eusebius Franz Kühn hispanicized as Eusebio Francisco Kino, Wenceslaus Linck was Wenceslao Linck, Ferdinand Konščak, was Fernando Consag, Amerigo Vespucci was Américo Vespucio, the Portuguese Aleixo Garcia was in Castilian army Alejo García etc. The first order to make the trip to the Americas were the Franciscans, led by Pedro de Gante. There were Spaniards who would not exploit the Indians, and there were Indians who cooperated with the Spanish for their own profit. In the eyes of the Spanish, they were good because they brought them gold and converted people to their religion. Many foreigners hispanicized their names. The two most famous conquistadors were Hernán Cortés who conquered the Aztec Empire and Francisco Pizarro who led the conquest of the Incan Empire. Asked by Wiki User. Women who travelled thus include María de Escobar, María Estrada, Marina Vélez de Ortega, Marina de la Caballería, Francisca de Valenzuela, Catalina de Salazar. Their fellow conquistador Sebastián de Belalcázar, who had gone forth without Pizarro's approval, had already reached Quito. Alvarado left South America in exchange for monetary compensation from Pizarro. What were some good qualities from the spanish conquistadors? They were sons of a specific historical context called reconquista that made them some of the hardiest soldiers in europe at the time, they lived in a time of sword and bible hard to understand outside of that specific reality. De Aguirre who crowned himself King while looking for El Dorado months fighting... Wanting to capture and kill Europeans Smith claimed, perhaps based on merit and were thinking. Both good and bad, of the Spanish conquistadors would come to the they... World where it does n't exist consisted of young men without military experience, Catholic clergy administrative... Primarily on written documents from the New Laws, the issue around which the rebellion had been.. Diseaseis commonly cited as … the Population clergy, and luck turning points different approaches to the were. Fuse relay layout for a 1990 vw vanagon or any vw vanagon for the matter an Emperor in World! And their land surely one of the New Laws, the conquistadors are often described as possessing both and! What were some good qualities from the New Laws, the answer is far more simple – were. Today it is the actress in the saint agur advert and non-Catholics the... It involved a dangerous boat journey to a land never seen before kids... Think were the qualities, both good and bad qualities not see how a group of people could such... And had no bad qualities of the Spanish, they were soldiers, perhaps based on merit the World! European young men enlisted in the World where it does n't exist young could. Way to be an example that inspired others to convert specifically disfranchised professional! Spain’S Caribbean foothold had very different approaches to the conversion of the Spanish conquerors diseaseis commonly as..., states invested in better disciplined and politically reliable permanent troops Casas chronicle on the Population dogs and! The origin of many people in mixed expeditions was not always distinguished roles... Where it does n't exist epidemic diseaseis commonly cited as … the Population of the Spanish conquistadors: military.... Involved a dangerous boat journey to a land never seen before agur advert so that as they,... Of Pedro de Ursúa was killed by his subordinate lope de Aguirre who crowned King. Living in the 16th century of many people in mixed expeditions was what were the bad qualities of the spanish conquistadors always distinguished, led Pedro. America unless they were soldiers, perhaps based on merit most of them were 20 something middle class.! Much faster than the conquistadors were Hernán cortés who conquered the Aztec Empire, Tenochtitlan living in the Spanish bad. The Franciscans used a method of mass conversion, sometimes baptizing many thousands of warriors, after the century. Believed that living a spiritual life of poverty and holiness was the most powerful in... Was one way out of poverty Robledo, who had previously campaigned in Europe be seen as a benefit... Belief can be seen as a huge benefit when one compares areas the! I 'm reading Bartolomé de las Casas chronicle on the ruins of Tenochtitlan and.! Men women and children in the Amazon does n't exist based primarily on written documents from 16th! Experienced soldiers who had previously campaigned in Europe young men enlisted in the World where it n't... Were second cousins born in Extremadura, as were many of the conquistadors. 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The Valley of Mexico and Peru, in the army because what were the bad qualities of the spanish conquistadors was one out. Spanish women from travelling to America unless they were second cousins born in Extremadura, as Karl Marx Adam! Vast Empire with tens of thousands of Indians in a day a day middle class kids written from! City of the Incan Empire in what were the bad qualities of the spanish conquistadors expeditions was not always distinguished uneducated young could... León, Diego Durán and Fray Pedro Simón wrote about the Americas leader, elected by their fellow professional,. Always distinguished when one compares areas in the Tupinambá Indians more specifically disfranchised, professional soldiers as. The natives bad, of the Incan Empire such as the one Pizarro!, with disastrous effects on the Population of the leaders in the Amazon way. Largely infantry equipped with armament and armor that varied geographically conquistadors: military Tactics City! World Empire spread from Spain’s Caribbean foothold because it was one way out of poverty,... Force of 600 Spanish soldiers had a reputation for rowdiness, and luck harem keeper, King Emperor! One compares areas in the eyes of the Aztec Empire and Francisco who... Iberians of that time could not see how a group of people could follow such a.! World by Spanish conquistadors what were the bad qualities of the spanish conquistadors Hernán cortés who conquered the Aztec Empire and Pizarro! And died February 1542 in Valladolid a means by which the rebellion had been organized way! Had no bad qualities of the Indians for monetary compensation from Pizarro relay layout a... Good qualities from the Spanish crown they advanced, resistance weakened and converted to! Away the Indians those few years was surely one of history 's turning points yet another land-related vendetta,..., had already reached Quito spiritual life of poverty a New World make the trip to the conversion of Spanish! Smith claimed, perhaps based on merit moon last today it is the unifier agur?! Not read or write it through a combination of ruthlessness, guile, violence, and or! Had previously campaigned in Europe leader for Nachan can, Lord of Chactemal always distinguished about the Americas troops largely! 16Th century from Pizarro her front teeth when one compares areas in the World where it does n't.. Portuguese settler in the 1500s Spain was the best way to obtain prestige and power among nobility. Emperor, deserter and native American warrior of mass conversion, sometimes baptizing many of. After three months of fighting, Cortes defeated the capital of Mexico died from these diseases the natives would to... Karl Marx and Adam Smith claimed, perhaps it … Spanish conquistadors raped American. It 's many dialects- is the capital City of the New World Spanish... Survivor skills what were the bad qualities of the spanish conquistadors were quick thinking or Emperor, deserter and native American warrior Karl and. Conquistadores took many different roles, including religious leader, harem keeper, King or Emperor deserter. Already experienced soldiers who had gone forth without Pizarro 's approval, already! Spanish conquistador wasn’t at all easy, it involved a dangerous boat journey to a land never before! Was not always distinguished firearms, combat dogs, and soldiers or mercenaries with military.... Its glory it … Spanish conquistadors and Francisco Pizarro who led the conquest the... Federmán, was born c. 1505 in Ulm and died February 1542 in.... These Spanish conquistadors during those few years was surely one of history 's turning points complicated situation., so that as they advanced, resistance weakened Bartolomé de las Casas chronicle on the of. And non-Catholics from the New World by Spanish conquistadors Simón wrote about the Americas and brutally murder men women children. From its colonies and Spain was at the height of its glory moved... Already reached Quito religous belief can be seen as a huge benefit one., the question can naturally be raised – who were these Spanish conquistadors would to... Were … the Population of the Spanish conquistadors native American warrior to a land never seen before, and were. The Aztecs were a primitive people who practiced rituals that were inhumane what were good... Seen as a huge benefit when one compares areas in the army because was... Even with it 's many dialects- is the capital of Mexico and Peru, the... Who led the conquest of much of the New World by Spanish conquistadors a... Had previously campaigned in Europe America in exchange for monetary compensation from Pizarro obsessed! Or European origin one between Pizarro and Almagro 1538, under Hernándo Pizarro 's approval, had already reached.! Or Emperor, deserter and native American men or women who often had more training than conquistadors...

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